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Child Sexual Exploitation
Sexual exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people (or a third person or persons) receive 'something' (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money) as a result of them performing, and/or another or others performing on them, sexual activities. Child sexual exploitation can occur through the use of technology without the child's immediate recognition; for example being persuaded to post sexual images on the Internet/mobile phones without immediate payment or gain. In all cases, those exploiting the child/young person have power over them by virtue of their age, gender, intellect, physical strength and/or economic or other resources. Violence, coercion and intimidation are common, involvement in exploitative relationships being characterised in the main by the child or young person's limited availability of choice resulting from their social/economic and/or emotional vulnerability.
(HM Government, 2009)
CSE WARNING SIGNS
Children and young people who are victims of sexual exploitation do not always recognise that they are being abused. Below are some of the warning signs that may indicate they are vulnerable to being groomed or that they are already being sexually exploited. The signs are displayed as a mnemonic 'SAFEGUARD', developed by the London Metropolitan Police.
exual health and behaviour
Evidence of sexually transmitted infections, inappropriate sexualised behaviour or pregnancy.
bsent from school or repeatedly running away
Evidence of truancy from school, periods of being missing from care or from home.
amilial abuse and/or problems at home
Familial sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, as well as risk of forced marriage or honour-based violence; domestic violence; substance misuse; parental mental health concerns; parental criminality; experience of homelessness; living in a care home or temporary accommodation.
motional and physical condition
Thoughts of, or attempted, suicide or self-harming; low self-esteem or self-confidence; problems relating to sexual orientation; learning difficulties or poor mental health; unexplained injuries or changes in physical appearance.
angs, older age groups and involvement in crime
Involvement in crime; direct involvement with gang members or living in a gang-afflicted community; involvement with older individuals or lacking friends from the same age group; contact with other individuals who are sexually exploited.
se of technology and sexual bullying
Evidence of 'sexting', sexualised communication on-line or problematic use of the internet and social networking sites.
lcohol and drug misuse
Problematic substance misuse.
eceipt of unexplained gifts or money
Unexplained finances, including phone credit, clothes and money.
istrust of authority figures
Resistance to communicating with parents, carers, teachers, social services, health, police and others.
Download the SAFEGUARD mnemonic as a Word document
If you have concerns that a child you know is being sexually exploited you should refer to the MASH. If the child has a social worker the referral will be sent to them and the police for a strategy discussion. If the child does not have a social worker the MASH will assess the case and determine the action to be taken. If CSE is confirmed or suspected the case will also be considered at a Multi-Agency Sexual Exploitation meeting (MASE), which takes an overview of CSE in the islands.
It is also possible to email the police directly with concerns about CSE at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Download the referral pathway as a Word document
Download the Bailiwick of Guernsey Child Sexual Exploitation Operating Protocol
|This page was added to the website on 22 December 2015Updated:3 February 2016 contact details|
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